José Padilha (born August 1, 1967) is a Brazilian film director, producer and writer.
Padilha emerged onto the Brazilian movie scene with his first feature film Bus 174 (2002). In 2007, Padilha directed Elite Squad, his first fictional film. The film was a commercial and critical success, seen by more than 11 million people in Brazil, coming in at Number 1 in 2007. In 2008, Padilha won the Golden Bear at the Berlin Film Festival for Elite Squad, bringing him international attention. Due to the success of Elite Squad, a 2010 sequel was released: Elite Squad: The Enemy Within. This film was selected as Brazil's official Academy Awards' entry in 2012 for Best Foreign Film, but it did not make the final shortlist.
The films form part of a planned trilogy, examining the influence of media, police and politicians on society.
The documentary film Secrets of the Tribe premièred at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival to critical acclaim. This film explores certain allegations first brought to light in Patrick Tierney's book Darkness in El Dorado (2000), that anthropologists studying the Yanomami Indians in the 1960s and 1970s engaged in bizarre and inappropriate interactions with the tribe, including sexual and medical violations.
On March 2, 2011, it was announced that Padilha will direct the upcoming RoboCop remake which is due for release in February 2014.